Software testing is an investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the software product or service under test. Software testing can also provide an objective, independent view of the software to allow the business to appreciate and understand the risks of software implementation.
Software testing involves the execution of a software component or system component to evaluate one or more properties of interest.

In general, these properties indicate the extent to which the component or system under test:
- Meets the requirements that guided its design and development,
- Responds correctly to all kinds of inputs,
- Performs its functions within an acceptable time,
- It is sufficiently usable,
- Can be installed and run in its intended environments, and
- Achieves the general result its stakeholders desire.

As the number of possible tests for even simple software components is practically infinite, all software testing uses some strategy to select tests that are feasible for the available time and resources.
There are different types of software testing strategies, which are selected by the testers depending upon the nature and size of the software.

1.] Analytic testing strategy
This uses formal and informal techniques to access and prioritize risks that arise during software testing. It takes a complete overview of requirements, design, and implementation of objects to determine the motive of testing. It also gathers complete information about the software, targets to be achieved, and the data required for testing the software.

2.] Model-based testing strategy
This strategy tests the functionality of the software according to the real world scenario: like software functioning in an organization.

3.] Methodical testing strategy
It tests the functions and status of software according to the checklist, which is based on user requirements. This strategy is also used to test the functionality, reliability, usability, and performance of the software.

4.] Process-oriented testing strategy
This tests the software according to already existing standards. In addition, it checks the functionality of the software by using automated testing tools.

5.] Dynamic testing strategy
This tests the software after having a collective decision of the testing team. Along with testing, this strategy provides information about the software such as test cases used for testing the errors present in it.

6.] Philosophical testing strategy
It tests the software assuming that any component of the software can stop functioning anytime.

An efficient software testing strategy includes two types of tests, namely, low-level tests and high-level tests. Low-level tests ensure correct implementation of small parts of the source code and high-level tests ensure that major software functions are validated according to user requirements.
A testing strategy specifies a list of testing issues that need to be resolved.

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